15 Years On: iCHORA (International Conference on the History of Records and Archives) Returns (May 28-30, 2018)

Archivist and educator Terry Cook at iCHORA 1, courtesy of The Internet Archive

Next week in Melbourne, the 8th edition of the biennial iCHORA (iCHORA 8) will begin at Monash University’s Caulfield campus. Over 30 presenters are scheduled to speak on a range of timely and timeless subjects related to the history of archives and records (iCHORA 8 Program). The theme this year centers on the challenges of global climate change, though it is clear from a perusal of the paper titles that ‘climate change’ can also be a protean metaphor outside of discussions about the physical environment.

Since iCHORA was first held in Toronto in 2003, the conference has contributed greatly to the literature of archival history. As Terry Cook wrote in 2009 in a richly documented thought piece he began for that very first iCHORA, “More than a hundred papers delivered at these conferences, as well as other articles and collections, demonstrate convincingly, in many times, places, and cultures, that archives (plural) are historically contingent, reflecting the power and authority, biases and prejudices, technologies and ideologies of their contemporary societies.” [1]

Archival educators Barbara Craig and James O’Toole at iCHORA 1, courtesy of The Internet Archive

In fact, counting next week’s iCHORA 8, over 200 presenters will have enriched the conversation about archival history over the past fifteen years. These have included former Chairs of the Archival History Section, namely Ben Alexander (iCHORA 4), Jeannette Bastian (iCHORA 1, 2, 4, 7), Phil Eppard (iCHORA 6), Melissa Gotwald (iCHORA 3), current Chair Kelly Kolar (iCHORA 6), and Eliot Wilczek (iCHORA 1).

This year’s iCHORA will feature at least eight presenters returning to the conference for at least a second time, here in alphabetical order: Daniel German (iCHORA 3), Charles Jeurgens (iCHORA 7), Randall C. Jimerson (iCHORA 1, 2), Shadrack Katuu (iCHORA 1), Heather MacNeil (iCHORA 2, 5), Ricardo L. Punzalan (iCHORA 2, 4), Michael Riordan (iCHORA 5, 6), and Kirsten Wright (iCHORA 4).

Eric Ketelaar at iCHORA 1, courtesy of The Internet Archive

The following iCHORA Directory represents an attempt to list all of the presenters named in past and current iCHORA programs (iCHORA 1-8) and the topical or chronological areas covered by their conference presentations. Many of the past iCHORA programs are preserved in The Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine, from their originally hosted websites:

iCHORA 1, from The Internet Archive

iCHORA 2, from The Internet Archive

iCHORA 3, from The Internet Archive

iCHORA 4, from The Internet Archive

iCHORA 5 (transcript), from The Internet Archive

iCHORA 6, from The Internet Archive

iCHORA 7, from The Internet Archive

Name of Presenters and Keynote Speakers (Number refers to the # of iCHORA)
Topic Areas

Adami, Tom A. (2)
International criminal courts

Adams, Melissa (7)
Indigenous history, Canada

Alexander, Ben (4)
Yaddo Artists’ Colony, New York State

Aloufi, Zohar (2)
British Mandate-Israel

Ando, Masahito (2, 4)
Japan, World War II, Okinawa archives’ return

Armstrong-Ingram, R. Jackson (1)
Social history, United States, Ottoman Empire, 19th century

Attfield, Simon J. (5)
Email history, 20th century

Baderoon, Gabeba (4)
Muslim burial practices, South Africa

Baltessen, Jody (1)
Personal archives

Baron, Jason R. (5)
Email history, 20th century

Bastian, Jeannette A. (1, 2, 4, 7)
U.S. Homestead Strike (1892), memory, 19th century, Colonial, Virgin Islands carnival, archival theory

Battley, Belinda (8)
Australia’s series system

Beattie, Heather (3)
Women’s diaries, Manitoba, Canada, 19th-20th centuries

Belton, Tom (3, 5)
Australia, anthropological field notes, Canadian universities’ records

Benoit, Edward (6)
Digital collection in science fiction writing

Berlin, Charite (5)
Hospital records, psychiatry

Biddle, Terehia (4)
New Zealand, indigenous history

Blum, Ralf (5)
Germany, state security archives

Bonfiglio-Dosio, Giorgetta (1)
Municipal (city) archives, Padua, Italy, 13th-20th centuries

Bonilla, Diego Navarro (1)
Private archives, modern Europe

Botticelli, Peter (6)
Environmental archives, United States

Briston, Heather (5)
Institutional records, technology

Brothman, Brien (2)
Petrarch, Italian Renaissance

Brown, Helen (1)
School records

Bryden, Deirdre (5)
Canada, technology

Buchanan, Rachel (4)
New Zealand colonialism

Butler, Beverley (4)
Palestine

Callery, Bernadette (1)
Museum records

Cachola, Ellen-Rae (6)
Philippines, museums

Caraffa, Costanza (7)
Photography, art archives

Carter, Rodney (3)
Photography, personal archives

Charlton, Susan (4)
Indigenous history, Australia, 20th century

Cheng, Yui-tat (5)
British colonialism, Hong Kong, telegraphy

Cook, Michael (5)
Damp-press copying

Cook, Terry (1, 2)
Global archives, Canadian practices

Cossham, Amanda (8)
New Zealand, local government heritage

Couchman, Sophie (4)
Chinese-Australian photographs

Cox, Richard J. (1, 2)
Archival theories, Lester J. Cappon as scholar, Colonial Williamsburg

Craig, Barbara (5)
Bureaucracies, office records, Britain, 20th century

Crookham, Alan (8)
National Gallery of Art (London, United Kingdom)

Cumer, Brian (6)
Archaeological recordkeeping

Currall, James (5)
Tudor England

Dean, Heather (3, 5)
English correspondence, Furniture for archives, 18th-19th centuries

Dekker, Annet (8)
Online archiving

Delva, Melanie (7)
Indigenous history, Canada

Demb, Sarah (6)
Museum accession records

Desolei, Andrea (7)
Italy, Napoleon, 18th-19th centuries

Devriese, Didier (1)
Epistemology of archives

Diaz, Rosana de Andres (5)
Spain, traffic records, 20th century

Douglas, Jennifer (3, 7)
England, women, 15th century, archives of grief

Duval, Jacinthe (4)
Catholic Canada

Dykstra, Natalie A. (3)
Private archives, autobiography, 19th century

Eckert, Astrid M. (2)
Germany, 20th century

Eppard, Philip B. (6)
Archival history

Evans, Joanne (8)
Australia’s series system

Faulkhead, Shannon (6)
Indigenous history

Feliciati, Pierluigi (1)
Government archives, Parma, Italy

Ferguson, Sandra (1)
Picture postcards

Filippini, Orietta (1)
Vatican archives, 17th century

Flinn, Andrew (4)
Community archives

Frame, William (3)
Britain, British Library collecting policy

Frings-Hessami, Viviane (8)
Khmer Rouge

Furner, Jonathan (7)
Data models for archives

Gagnard, Axelle (6)
Spain, World War II, 20th century

Gardini, Stefano (7)
Genoa, government archives, early modern Europe

Garvey, Ellen Gruber (3)
Scrapbooks

German, Daniel (3, 8)
Private papers in public archives, Canada, National security and intelligence agencies

Gialdini, Anna (7)
Sicily, bindings, 15th century

Gilliland, Anne (5, 7)
Metadata, digital archives, Yugoslavia

Golfo-Barcelona, Mary Grace (8)
Laser scanning, natural diasters, sacred landscapes

Gottwald, Melissa (3)
Autograph albums, social interaction

Gracy, Karen (6)
Motion picture archives

Guercio, Mariella (1)
Recordkeeping systems

Guidi, Andra (7)
Florence, military records, Renaissance

Gumbala, Jo (4)
Northern Australia archives, indigenous history

Hansen, Else (5)
Denmark, state archives

Hansen, Lars-Erik (6)
Online archiving

Heath, Christian (5)
Materiality

Helton, Laura (6)
African-American history

Hering, Katharina (6)
Genealogical history

Hess, Volker (5)
Hospital records, psychiatry

Ho, Cynthia (8)
Community archives, Hong Kong

Hollinger, Richard (1)
Email history, 20th century

Holmes, Donna (2)
India, British and Dutch colonialism

Horsman, Peter (1, 3, 7)
Bureaucratic records, France, Netherlands, family archives, Rwanda, reconciliation

Hughes, J. Patrick (1)
Red tape, U.S. Army

Ilerbaig, Juan (7)
Archival theory

Jackson, Pat (2)
British colonies, Kiribati (Pacific)

Jaehnig, Kenton (3)
Ethical and legal issues in processing

Janes, Andrew (5)
Maps

Jedlitschka, Karsten (5)
Germany, state security archives

Jimerson, Randall C. (1, 2, 8)
Early American history, Jameson-Leland collaboration, proto-professionalism, ‘gentleman historians’

Johnson, Valerie (5, 7)
Telephony, digital archives, William Shakespeare

Johnston, Jesse (8)
Email regulation in United States

Jones, Mike (8)
Archives in museums

Jonker, Agnes (3)
Acquisition

Jeurgens, Charles (7, 8)
Netherlands, Dutch East Indies records, 19th century

Katona, Csaba (4)
Hungary

Katuu, Shadrack (1, 8)
Indigenous history, health information, South Africa

Ketelaar, Eric (1, 2, 3, 7)
Communication theory, Yugoslavia war crimes, early modern genealogy, archival consciousness

Kolar, Kelly A. (6)
Russia, 20th century, Soviet

Krebs, Ally (6)
Indigenous history

Konsa, Kurmo (5)
Bureaucratic records

Lainey, Jonathan (4, 7)
Indigenous history, Canadian natives’ wampum

Lam, Pok Fu (8)
Community archives, Hong Kong

Lapp, Jessica (8)
Women’s archival history

Laurent, Nicola (8)
Australia, home care records, natural disasters

Ledebur, Sophie (5)
Hospital records, psychiatry

Lehane, Richard (3)
Sites of creation

Lewe, Agnes (2)
German-Dutch villages, 20th century

Light, Michelle (1)
Religious history, 13th century

Lihoma, Paul (7)
Malawi, oral history

Lindbach, Harald (4)
Norway, Minorities in archives

Links, Petra (7)
Rwanda, reconciliation

Lowry, James (8)
Displaced archives

Luff, Paul (5)
Materiality

Lustig, Jason (6)
Israel, Jewish archives, 20th century

MacNeil, Heather (2, 5, 8)
England, legal history, 11th-17th centuries, office records, museums

Magee, Karl (3)
Private archives, diaries

Maliniemi, Kaisa (4)
Norway, Minorities in archives

Manoff, Marlene (7)
Technology

Mant, Julia (4)
Northern Australia archives, indigenous history

Marshall, Amy (3)
Conceptual artists

Martens, Christophe (7)
Belgium, World War I

McCausland, Sigrid (5)
Reading rooms’ history

McKemmish, Susan (8)
Climate change, 21st century challenges

Mclean, Ian (4)
Australian art and Aborginial art

Meehan, Jennifer (3, 5)
Original order, furniture for archives, 19th century

Melik, Rachel (3)
Slovenia, personal archives

Millar, Laura (1, 2)
Recordkeeping as history, indigenous archives, British Columbia

Mills, Rachel J. (3)
Mennonites in Russia and Canada, religious letters, 19th century

Morton, Anne (2)
Hudson’s Bay Company, Canada

Moss, Michael (5)
Tudor England

Mullins, Elizabeth (7)
Ireland, religious history, 20th century

Mulvaney, Kevin (4)
northern Australia archives, indigenous history

Nesmith, Tom (1, 2)
Re-opening archives, social provenance

Netshakhuma, Nkholedzeni Sidney (8)
African National Congress, repatriation

Neugebauer, Susanne (6)
Personal archives

Newman, Martin (5)
England, monuments

Nezami, Gholamhossein (7)
Iran, national archives, 20th century

Nordberg, Erik (6)
Business records history

Nugraha, Aditya (4)
Indonesian archives

Oliver, Gillian C. (5)
Bureaucratic records

O’Neill, Cate (8)
Child endowment records, Australia, natural disasters

Otaola, Luis Casado de (5)
Spain, traffic records, 20th century

O’Toole, James (3)
Published letters

Palmer, Susan (1, 3)
Paper office (British), 18th-19th centuries, Sir John Soane

Piggott, Michael (1)
Diaries, Australia

Procter, Margaret (2)
U.S.-British collaboration

Punzalan, Ricardo L. (2, 4, 8)
Spanish colonies, Philippines, leprosy, email regulation in United States

Raines, Dorit (5)
Venice, 15th-18th centuries

Rekrut, Ala (1)
Materiality

Riter, Robert (6)
Historical documentary editing

Riordan, Michael (5, 6, 8)
England, 17th-19th centuries, Oxford archives, Public Record Office

Roberts, John (4)
New Zealand, indigenous history

Robertson, Megan (6)
Sound and noise archives

Rolan, Greg (8)
Australia’s series system

Roy, Alain (8)
Britain and Canada, state making, 19th century

Sassoon, Joanna (1)
Australia, convict records

Schmitz, Dawn (6)
Investigative reporting, 20th century

Seles, Anthea (2)
Vatican archives, 20th century

Shepherd, Elizabeth (7)
England, women, 20th century

Siegert, Bernhard (2)
Spain, 16th century

Silvestri, Alessandro (7)
Sicily, bindings, 15th century

Simmons, Deidre (1)
Hudson’s Bay Company, Canada

Sinclair, Bethany (5)
Commonplace books, European middle ages

Spencer, Amanda (5)
United Kingdom, internet history

Steenshorne, Jennifer (3)
Documentary editing, John Jay Papers

Stevens, Ashley (6)
South Carolina, state archives

Sucha-xaya, Naya (7)
Thailand

Suderman, Jim (5)
Canadian universities’ records

Sundquist, Anneli (6)
Online archiving

Szatucsek, Zoltan (4)
Hungary

Tam, Sarah (8)
Community archives, Hong Kong

Taylor, Karina (4)
Pacific island history

Thieberger, Nicholas (4)
Pacific island history

Thomassen, Theo (7)
Netherlands, 16th-18th centuries

Thorpe, Kirsten (6)
Indigenous history

Une, Etsuko (4)
Okinawa archives return

Urton, Gary (5)
Peru, quipu as archives

Vaughan, Sian (7)
Artists’ archives

Vitali, Stefano (1)
Physical architecture of archives, Florence

Waerden, Ellen van der (7)
Military reports, World War II

Wallace, David (8)
Email regulation in United States

Welch, Margaret (3)
Henry W. Longfellow’s family library

Welland, Sarah (8)
New Zealand, local government heritage

Wisniewska, Magdalena (7)
Poland, community archives

White, Kelvin (4)
African heritage in Mexico

Whorley, Tywanna (4)
African-American female prison records

Wilczek, Eliot (1)
U.S. Army records, World War I

Wilkinson, Helen C. (6)
Britain, 20th century

Wolfe, Mark (2)
Local knowledge theory

Wright, Kirsten (4, 8)
Tattoos, historical language for web searching, 19th-century

Yakel, Elizabeth (1)
Diaries, religious history

Yeo, Geoffrey (3, 7)
Provenance and description of personal records, archival history of ancient world

Yao, Ping (1)
Epitaphs, China, Tang dynasty

Zboray, Mary Saracino (3)
New England manuscripts

Zboray, Ronald J. (3)
New England manuscripts

Zhang, Jane (1, 2)
Handwriting, colonial America

Susan Palmer and others at iCHORA 1

Notes

[1] Terry Cook, “The Archive(s) Is a Foreign Country: Historians, Archivists, and the Changing Archival Landscape”, The American Archivist 74: 2 (2011): 600-632, 623, freely available at The American Archivist.

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